Discussion: Dynamics of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Although historically associated with exposure to combat, research during the past few decades shows that PTSD may also occur following exposure to other traumas, ranging from dog bites to hurricanes. If this is the case, you might wonder why there aren’t more people suffering from PTSD. The reality is that not everyone who experiences a trauma will develop PTSD. So, why do some people develop PTSD while others do not? Unfortunately, there is not a concrete answer to this question. However, there are factors that might increase one’s likelihood to develop PTSD. One such factor is preexisting mental illness. Those who have suffered from a mental illness prior to the trauma may be more likely to develop PTSD.
Post a brief description of a specific disaster, crisis, or trauma with which you are familiar. Then, explain the importance of understanding risk factors associated with PTSD in responding to the survivors of the selected disaster, crisis, or trauma that you described. Be sure to provide specific examples that illustrate your response. Be sure to protect the identity of any real persons used in the example, including you. This is not intended as a venue for self-disclosure of very personal issues. No identifying information should be used.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Read pp. 271–286
Bonanno, G. A., & Mancini, A. D. (2012). Beyond resilience and PTSD: Mapping the heterogeneity of responses to potential trauma. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(1), 74–83.
Bryant, R. A., Friedman, M. J., Spiegel, D., Ursano, R., & Strain, J. (2011). A review of acute stress disorder in DSM-V. Depression and Anxiety, 28(9), 802–817.
Calhoun, L. G., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2004). The foundations of posttraumatic growth: New considerations. Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 93–102.
Holman, E. A., Garfin, D. R., & Silver, R. C. (2013). Media’s role in broadcasting acute stress following the Boston Marathon bombings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(1), 93–98. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/111/1/93.full
James, R. K., & Gilliland, B. E. (2017). Crisis intervention strategies (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Review Chapter 7, “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder” (pp. 145-202)
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs – National Center for PTSD. (2014). PTSD basics. Retrieved from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/PTSD/public/PTSD-overview/basics/index.asp
Ungerleider, S. (2003). Post-traumatic growth—Understanding a new field of research: An interview with Dr. Mark Chesler. The Prevention Researcher, 10(5), 10–12. Retrieved from https://cms.onlinebase.nl/userfiles/c1icccpo/file/pst-traumatic%20growth.
Calhoun, P. S., Hertzberg, J. S., Kirby, A. C., Dennis, M. F., Hair, L. P., Dedrt, E. A., & Beckham, J. C. (2012). The effect of draft DSM-V Criteria on posttaumatic stress disorder prevalence. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 1032–1042.
Hinton, D. E., & Fernandez, R. L. (2011). The cross-cultural validity of posttraumatic stress disorder: Implications for DSM-5. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 783–801