Instructions: o Answer questions 1-8 which are based on the readings and vide

Instructions:
o Answer questions 1-8 which are based on the readings and videos listed below.
o Number your responses.
o Your responses should demonstrate critical engagement with the readings and reflection.
Readings and videos:
1. Module 15 slides (Blackboard)
2. Introduction & Chapter 1 (The Chase) of Jessica Nordell’s The End of Bias (Blackboard)
3. Five NYT-POV short videos on implicit bias:
https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004818663/peanut-butter-jelly-and-racism.html?action=click&gtype=vhs&version=vhs-heading&module=vhs&region=title-area&cview=true&t=79
https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004818668/check-our-bias-to-wreck-our-bias.html?playlistId=video/who-me-biased
https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004818671/the-life-changing-magic-of-hanging-out.html?playlistId=video/who-me-biased
https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004818679/high-heels-violins-and-a-warning.html?playlistId=video/who-me-biased
https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004818677/snacks-and-punishment.html?action=click&module=video-series-bar&region=header&pgtype=Article&playlistId=video/who-me-biased
Questions:
(4 points) In Nordell’s End of Bias Chapter 1, what did Patricia Devine learn about human behavior while studying criminal eye witness testimonies in college?
While a graduate student at Ohio State, Devine conducted studies on a phenomenon called priming.
a. (2 points) What is priming?
b. (6 points) What did Devine predict, and what did she observe, when conducting a priming experiment to study racial prejudice in 1985?
(6 points) According to Nordell, what is the difference between a belief and an association? Give an example of each.
(20 points) The NYT videos, and Nordell’s End of Bias, present anecdotes, as well as data from scientifically rigorous studies, to illustrate the effects of implicit bias in society. What is implicit bias, and what do the cases of the author -Jessica Nordell, female orchestral musicians, judges who impose penalties and sentences, Ben Barres, JJ Powell and Philip Guo reveal about the life altering power of implicit bias? Pick at least three of the above to explain.
(8 points) “I don’t see color” or “I am blind to sex” are phrases used by individuals to deny their participation in discriminatory behavior. However, as Nordell writes, most test takers of the Implicit Association Test (IAT), show bias in favor of one social group over another. Why do you think we are sensitive about interrogating our own implicit biases? How can we work to reduce our biases? What suggestions (at least two) are offered in the readings and videos?
(6 points) Not all scholars link group-based discrimination and prejudice with implicit bias. What is the social dominance theory? Note: Social Darwinism during the eugenics era is an example.
(8 points) Based on data from the IAT, which groups are most stigmatized? Briefly discuss two examples using your own observations and/or personal experiences. Cite sources as appropriate.
8. (20 points) Skin color and ethnicity are factors that are often used to group humans into “racial” categories. In some instances, we are grouped into sex/gender categories (i.e. males and females). Historically and still today, dividing individuals into “racial” or sex categories was/is considered necessary. Describe appropriate (justifiable) and inappropriate uses of racial, sex and other categories (module 5 and revisit modules 14 & 2B). In your response, be sure to include the specific reason for the categorization being justifiable or not.

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