”Explain and analyze the argument of the contemporary philosopher Peter Singer,


”Explain and analyze the argument of the contemporary philosopher Peter Singer, who argues that people in the wealthier nations of the world have a moral obligation to help those in life-threatening poverty around the world. Singer relies upon a number of analogies (such as the “drowning child” and “Bob and the Bugatti” examples) to support his conclusion.
The essay needs an introduction paragraph that includes a thesis statement, and it needs a conclusion paragraph. The body of the essay should consist of the following:
1. Explain Peter Singer’s argument, being sure to address the following points:
 What is Singer’s conclusion concerning whether people with the ability to help have a moral obligation to help those in life-threatening poverty around the world?
 What reasons/premises does Singer give to support his conclusion?
 What is the example of the drowning child, and how does it illustrate Singer’s argument?
 What is the example of Bob and the Bugatti, and how does it illustrate Singer’s argument?
 How much are we obligated to give, according to Singer? What is Singer’s reasoning for why we are obligated to give that much?
 How does the fact that others are also in a position to help affect our own obligation to help, according to Singer? What is Singer’s reasoning for his view?
 What are the differences, according to Singer, between giving as a moral obligation versus giving as an act of charity? Why should we consider giving to international aid organizations that address extreme poverty to be a moral obligation rather than an act of charity?
2. Provide an analysis of what is correct and what is incorrect in Singer’s argument that addresses each of Singer’s points listed above.
3. In light of your analysis, then, are Singer’s views correct? What are the reasons for your judgment?
The essay does not need to follow the exact order of these points; these points are enumerated here to show what a complete and thorough discussion on this topic should include.
Essay Guidelines:
Each essay needs an introductory paragraph. This paragraph briefly introduces your subject to the reader, and it ends with your thesis statement. The thesis is the point that you are trying to get across with your essay. The entire essay can be seen, in a sense, as support for your thesis; anything in the essay that does not help support your thesis is not relevant and should not be included in your essay. Also, the essay should end with a conclusion paragraph that reiterates your thesis, and summarizes what you’ve said in your paper to support your thesis. The conclusion paragraph should contain no new points. Use your own words. When using research, quotes should be sparingly used. They are appropriate to accentuate a particular point, particularly if a writer’s words are themselves unique
or particularly well-constructed, and they can be necessary as textual evidence to support your account. But do not rely on quotes to do the work of summarizing and explaining.
Remember that your essay is a composition. Pay attention to the presentation of points. Be sure that each paragraph logically follows what precedes it. (And be sure that each paragraph
has one clearly identifiable topic.) The essay should read like one organic whole, not like a series of parts.
Be careful not to assume unreasonable prior knowledge on the part of the reader of your essay.
All sources must be identified by works cited page, and each time you refer to a source or rely upon ideas from a source, you must cite that use, including specific page numbers if applicable, in the text of the essay where you are using that source. If you use an outside source and do not do these two things, the paper will either not be counted as credit for the assignment, or it will receive a low grade. You may use whatever style of citation you wish; the point is that
you always give credit to your sources and that you give the reader the information necessary to review your sources should she or he desire to do so.)
Always remember to use sufficient detail in explaining points. Do not raise a point that needs explanation or discussion without subsequently explaining/discussing it.


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