“In the early years of the civil rights movement, African-Americans successfully used nonviolent protest against Southern white conservative’s ‘massive resistance. This strategy led to the passage of landmark federal legislation that reversed the Jim Crow laws that had left them segregated and disfranchised for almost a century.” Explain this statement. How did African-Americans use nonviolent protest against whites’ “massive resistance,” and who was the spokesperson for this tactic in the black community? How was this method used during the civil rights movement in Montgomery, Alabama, and to what effect? What were the landmark pieces of federal legislation passed that undid Jim Crow and how did nonviolent protest help achieve this?